1. An emetic drug would have which of the following actions?
    • Stop bleeding
    • Induce vomiting
    • Stop vomiting
    • Stop diarrhea
    • Kill bacteria
  2. Introduction of a fiberoptic instrument through the abdominal wall for diagnostic purposes is called
    • sigmoidoscopy
    • colonoscopy
    • laparoscopy
    • endoscopy
    • colposcopy
  3. Surgical removal of an inflamed gallbladder containing stones is termed
    • cholelithiasis
    • cholelithotomy
    • cholelithotripsy
    • cholecystectomy
    • cholecystitis
  4. Cirrhosis is a condition involving
    • abnormal outpocketing of the large intestine
    • inflammation of the small intestine
    • constriction of the esophagus with a tumor
    • difficulty swallowing
    • degeneration of the liver
  5. The guaiac test is used to determine presence of
    • gallstones
    • blood in the stool
    • twisting of the small intestine
    • appendicitis
    • blood in vomit
  6. You read in a medical report that a patient had a proctoscopic examination. You conclude that the physician will be looking for, among other possibilities, a tumor in the
    • mouth
    • colon
    • rectum
    • stomach
    • gallbladder
  7. Dysphagia is a term describing difficult, painful or abnormal
    • passing of stool
    • emptying of the stomach
    • swallowing
    • passing gas (flatulence)
    • chewing of food
  8. A patient from a car accident has a swollen belly and the surgeon suspects bleeding into the abdomen. He/she will puncture the belly and drain any fluid looking for blood. This procedure is termed
    • laparotomy
    • endoscopy
    • thoracocentesis
    • abdominocentesis
    • colectomy
  9. If I have GERD, I have
    • gallbladder disease
    • stomach ulcers
    • blood in my stool
    • alcoholic liver disease
    • severe ‘heartburn’
  10. CHALLENGE QUESTION! The following question has multiple word parts, some from previous modules. Take it apart piece by piece. Make me proud! Cholangioenterostomy describes a procedure that
    • examines the interior of the gallbladder with a lighted fiberoptic instrument.
    • surgically creates an opening between the intestines and the abdominal wall.
    • surgically creates a passageway between the gallbladder duct to the intestine.
    • Involves X-rays showing the gallbladder draining into the intestine.
    • surgically removes gallstones through an opening in the abdomen.


The third question was challenging because all the answers had a similar spelling and were very close in meaning.

Cholelithiasis – the presence of stones in the gallbladder

Cholelithotomy – surgical removal of gallstones

Cholelithotripsy* – nonsurgical removal of gallstones by smashing them with high-frequency sound waves

Cholecystectomy – surgical removal of the gallbladder, typically in conjunction with removal of gallstones.

Cholecystitis – inflammation of the gallbladder.

*Cholelithotripsy – Unfortunately, this procedure is no longer done because of complications (the “sludge” formed had no easy anatomical way out of the body causing pancreatitis). Laparoscopic cholecystectomy involving small abdominal incisions, fewer days in the hospital, and lower cost than “open” surgery is the procedure of choice today.

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