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Nervous System

Nervous system terms

Cephal/oHeadCephalgia (a headache)
Encephal/oInside the head (brain)Encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) Anencephalic (born without a brain)
Mening/oMembranes surrounding the brain and spinal cordMeningitis (inflammation of the membranes)
Myel/oSpinal cordMyelogram (X-ray of the spinal cord)
Neur/oNerveNeuroma (tumor) Neuritis (inflammation)
DysDifficult, painful, abnormalDyslexia (difficulty reading)
-celeHernia, abnormal protrusion of structure out of normal anatomical positionMeningomyelocele (protrusion of membranes and spinal cord)
-pathyDisease, abnormalityEncephalopathy (disease of the brain) Neuropathy (disease of the nerves)
-plasiaDevelopment, formation, growthAplasia (no development) Hyperplasia (over development)
-plegiaParalysisHemiplegia (paralysis of one side of the body) Quadriplegia (paralysis of all four limbs)

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