Urinary system terms

Nephr/o, ren/oKidneyNephritis, renal artery
Hydro/oWaterHydronephrosis (abnormal condition involving back up of urine into the kidney
Cyst/oBladderCystitis, cystectomy (inflammation of, removal of bladder)
Pyel/oRenal collecting ductsPyelogram (X-ray of the collecting ducts)
Ur/o, -uriaUrinePolyuria, anuria (frequent urination, no urine formation)
Olig/oScanty, less than normalOliguria (reduced urine formation)
-pexyTo surgically reattach, fix in normal positionNephropexy (surgically attach kidney in normal anatomical position)