Anatomy word of the month: Acetabulum

“Vinegar cup” in Latin. The hip joint is made up of a deep rounded socket, the acetabulum, on the side …

Anatomy word of the month: Cruciate ligaments

“Cross-shaped” in Latin. In the knee joint are two ligaments that cross over each other, the anterior and posterior cruciate …

Anatomy word of the month: Phrenic nerve

The phrenic nerves control the diaphragm, our major muscle of respiration (breathing). From the Greek, phrenic means both diaphragm and …

Anatomy word of the month: Vagus

Vagus means “wandering” in Latin. This aptly named nerve (there are a pair of them) meanders from our brainstem, down …

Anatomy word of the month: gluteus maximus

The most feared of all the Roman emperors? Not really! The gluteus maximus (Latin- largest of the buttock) is the …

Anatomy word of the month: duodenum

“Twelve each” in Latin. The duodenum is the first section of the small intestine attached to the outlet of the …

Anatomy word of the month: atlas

The atlas is the first, or top, vertebra of our bony spinal column supporting the “globe” of the head.  In Greek …

Anatomy word of the month: coronary

The coronary arteries encircle the heart “like a crown” which is its literal meaning in Latin.  The coronaries supply blood to …

Anatomy word of the month: gallbladder

Gall is an Anglo-Saxon word for bile.  The gallbladder stores bile from the liver.  Bile is released into the duodenum, the …

Anatomy word of the month: salpinx

Salpinx means “trumpet” in Greek , that is, a tube-shaped structure with a flared opening. The term is not used …

Anatomy word of the month: pylorus

The “gatekeeper” in Greek. This ring of muscle tissue surrounds the juncture between the stomach and the first part of …

Anatomy word of the month: cadaver

“To fall”, “to perish” in Latin. Many terms are used for a dead body some more irreverent than others: the …