515-271-7811 (Office Phone)
Areas of Expertise
|Professional Organizations, Committees and Boards||
|Doctor of Philosophy in Education, Iowa State University, Ames, IA|
|Masters of Education, Iowa State University, Ames, IA|
|Bachelor of Science in P.T. and PT Certificate, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA|
|Bachelor of Science, Iowa State University, Ames, IA|
|Physical Therapy Licensure|
|Certificate of Completion DMU Cultural Competency Series|
|Certified Professional Coder (CPC), American Academy of Professional Coders|
|Certified Clinical Instructor, American Physical Therapy Association|
|Adult CPR/First Aid|
|Board Certified Orthopedic Specialist-Emeritus, American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties|
|Isernhagen Work Systems Functional Capacity Evaluations, Work Hardening, Functional Job Analysis, Pre-Work Screening|
Areas of Research Interest
- Health disparities and inequities
- Health care access for immigrants and refugees
- Cultural competency training in health professions education
- Interprofessional education
- Quality and efficiency measures in health care services
- Health policy and regulation
- Health services research
- Health indices and community health indicators
My three primary categories of research are 1. Effective methodology for teaching cultural competency skills to health professions students; 2. Health care disparities and access to health care and public health services, including delivering culturally sensitive care, to underserved populations; and 3. Measuring health care quality and efficiency.
Research project on comparison of state rankings of two health indices
Research study on comparison of basic health care access and insurance status
I am continuing work on immigrant and refugee health care access, student learning outcomes in Interprofessional Education, and adverse childhood events (ACEs) impact on adult health.
I have three primary categories of research interest: 1. Effective methodology for teaching cultural competency skills to health professions students; 2. Delivering culturally sensitive care to underserved populations; and 3. Measuring health care quality and efficiency. In 2011, I am developing my research agenda, and interested in a literature review of tools to measure cultural competency and transformational learning, as well as surveying and studying micropopulations seeking health care services at free clinics in Iowa.
I am researching changes in health professions students’ attitudes as a result of cultural diversity training as measured by the Global Perspective Inventory© with Dr. Yogesh Shah, DMU global health Initiatives. I am also collaborating with researchers from the University of Iowa (College of Public Health) and University of North Carolina (Sheps Center) on a comparison of direct access versus physician-referred physical therapy episodes of care.
Manuscripts, Publications, Research Papers, Grants, and Presentations
Publications in Refereed Journals
Duffy, P. A., Ronnebaum, J., Stumbo, T., Smith, K.N., & Reimer, R.A. (In press). Does including public health students on interprofessional teams increase attainment of interprofessional practice competencies? JAOA. April, 2017.
Ozdemir, D. & Duffy, P.A. Meeting the core competencies for public health professionals using backward design. Pedagogy in Health Promotion: The Scholarship of Teaching and Learning. August 26, 2016. DOI: 10.1177/2373379916666542.
McClinton, S. M., Flynn, T. W., Heiderscheit, B. C., McPoil, T. G., Pinto, D., Duffy, P. A., Bennett, J. D. Comparison of usual podiatric care and early physical therapy Intervention for Plantar Heel Pain: A Parallel-group Randomized Clinical Trial Protocol. Trials. 2013 December, 14:414. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-14-414.
Pendergast, J., Kliethermes, S., Freburger, J., & Duffy, P.A. (2012). Claims-based Resource Utilization in Physical Therapy Care: A Comparison of Physician-Referred and Direct Access. Health Services Research, April 2012, 47 (2), 633-654. DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2011.01324.x
Duffy, P.A. (2006). Holes in the health care safety net: Voices of the underserved. Journal of Physical Therapy Education, Special Edition on Service Learning. December, 2006, 20 (3), 67-72.
MANUSCRIPTS SUBMITTED FOR PUBLICATION
Duffy, P. A., Geletta, S., Kunjummen, E; Reiland, H., & Wang, K. K. Assessing community well-being measures using community health status measures: How do America’s Health Rankings® and the Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index® Compare? Journal: Healthcare: The Journal of Delivery Science and Innovation. July, 2019.
Rogers-Johnson, M., Duffy, P.A., Nguyen, V. S. C., & Jurasinski, P.
Using a Mixed-Methods Approach to Assess Student Learning During an Interprofessional Education Experience. The Journal of Health Administration Education. June, 2019
MANUSCRIPTS IN PROGRESS
Duffy, P.A. Viewpoint–Population health: Intersection of occupational health physical therapy and public health.
Duffy, P.A., Shannon, A. J., Geletta, S., & Schlievert, S. Evaluation of long-term learning outcomes from a public health training program for dental hygienists: Implications for workforce.
Duffy, P. A., Suginaka, C., & Smith, K. Access to health care for immigrants and refugees: How public health agencies can address barriers.
PUBLISHED BOOK CHAPTERS
Ozdemir, D., Preast, V., & Duffy, P. A. (2018) Systematic approach for improving accessibility and usability in online courses. In V.C. Bryan, A. T. Musgrove, and J. R. Powers (Eds), Handbook of research on human development in the digital age, Hershey, PA: IGI Global. DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2838-8.
Publications in Non-Refereed Journals
Duffy, P.A. Guest Editorial: A Tribute to Margo Miller, PT. Orthopaedic Physical Therapy Practice, 28 (1):7.2016.
Duffy, P.A. (2015) No one person can do it all. Dose of DMU, blogpost August 8, 2015, https://www.dmu.edu/dose/2015/08/no-one-person-can-do-it-all/.
Duffy, P.A. (2005). Accessibility in Aging: Physical therapists as expert consultants. Gerinotes, January 2005.
Duffy, P.A. (2001). Case study of patient with proximal humeral head fracture, 1-year post-injury. Orthopaedic Physical Therapy Practice, Spring 2001, Vol.13 (1), 7—11.
Duffy, P.A. (2001) Research article review of “Functional outcome after minimally displaced fractures of the proximal part of the humerus” by Koval, et. al. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 1997; 79 (2) 203-207, published by the American Physical Therapy Association PTNow research database formerly known as “Hooked on Evidence.”
Duffy, P.A. & Richardson, J.K. The trip of a lifetime. PTMagazine, May 2001, Vol. 9 (5), 48—51.
Duffy, P.A. Cultural competence strengthens our profession. PTMagazine, October 2001, Vol. 9 (10), 4—25.
Unpublished Manuscripts and Reports
Knight, J.A., Bristow, M., & Duffy, P.A. The Economic Impact of Motorcycle Helmet Legislation.
McClinton, S. & Duffy, P.A. (October, 2012). Unpublished data analysis report from DMU-IRB ID 09-12-02.
Gregory, D., Jackson, D. & Duffy, P.A. (2009). Preliminary report on use of physical medicine services using matched cohort design. Wellmark Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Iowa. Unpublished work.
Duffy, P.A. (2008). Holes in the health care safety net: The volunteer perspective. Dissertation research. Iowa State University. Unpublished manuscript.
Duffy, P.A. (2008). Listening to their voices: Patients as teachers. Dissertation research. Iowa State University. Unpublished manuscript.
Duffy, P.A., Buckingham-Schutt, L., Williamson, B., Armantrout, A., & Biondi- Morlan, K. (May 2019) An evaluation of the effectiveness of Count the Kick stillbirth prevention campaign in educating expectant mothers to monitor fetal movement in an effort to prevent stillbirth. Funded by Healthy Birth Day, Inc. aka Count the Kicks, Des Moines, IA. $12,542.00.
Duffy, P.A., Seale, D., Armbrust, R., & Relph, R. (October, 2018) DMU Teaching, Learning, and Assessment (TLA) Scholars program. Project Title: Creation of rubrics for assessing master of health care administration. $2000.00.
Liu, D., Duffy, P.A., & Feuz, M. A. (July, 2018-June 2020). Des Moines University Iowa Osteopathic Educational Research (IOER-Research and Grants). $11,398.00 grant for “A Qualitative Approach to Study Consumers’ Intention to Use Internet for Nursing Home Information.
Duffy, P.A. (2011). Des Moines University Iowa Osteopathic Educational Research (IOER-Research and Grants). $9700.00 grant for “Pilot study of micro-populations in central Iowa and impact on public health services (working title)”
Duffy, P.A. (2011). Public Health Training for Oral Health Professionals (6 Modules). In collaboration with the Bureau of Oral and Health Delivery Systems. $5000.00 grant from Iowa Department of Public Health.
Duffy, P.A., & Mahoney, J. (2002) Des Moines University Iowa Osteopathic Educational Research (IOER): $2,000.00 grant. Needs assessment of establishing service-learning opportunities at free clinics. Results reported, September, 2002, Des Moines, IA.
Grant Proposals UNFUNDED
Walters, J. & Duffy, P.A., & Geletta, S. (February, 2016). Telligen Community Initiative Grant Application: True Public Health Impact: Social Return on Investment in Dallas County Iowa. Total Agency Request for Dallas County Public Health Nursing Services: $35,065.00 (Duffy on behalf of DMU $11,140.00). Not funded.
Walters, J. & Duffy, P.A. (July, 2015). Telligen Community Initiative Grant Application 2015-02-45: Social Return on Investment of the Health Navigation Program. Total Agency Request for Dallas County Public Health Nursing Services: $35,065.00 (Duffy on behalf of DMU $6,240.00). Not funded.
Duffy, P.A. (Project Director) & Geletta, S. (2013) 2013 Iowa ACEs Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Analysis and Reporting Response to Request for Proposals by the Iowa ACEs Steering Committee of the Iowa Department of Public Health, Des Moines, IA. Proposal selected as one of two finalist proposals.
Duffy, P. A. (February 23, 2017). Public Health Research and Policy: Keeping You, Your Family, and Community Healthy.) Drake College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Des Moines, IA. (1 hour)
Duffy, P.A. & Shah, Y. (September, 2015). SDOH Forward: Non-Healthcare Approaches to Improving Health – Environmental Issues. Association of Academic Health Centers. Webinar (1 hour).
Duffy, P.A. (August 14, 2015). Making a Connection: Creating Your Online Presence. Center for Teaching and Learning Showcase. Des Moines University, Des Moines, IA
Duffy, P.A. (August 6, 2014) Leadership and Advocacy. Student Assembly of American Physical Therapy Association. Virtual Panel Google Chat.
Duffy, P.A. (May 29, 2014) U.S. Health Care System: Implementation of the Affordable Care Act. University of Iowa, Doctor of Physical Therapy Program, Iowa City, IA
Duffy, P.A. (April 24, 2014) Implementation of the Affordable Care Act: The Impact on Physical Therapy Practice? Iowa Physical Therapy Association Conference, Ames, IA
Duffy, P.A. (April 15, 2014) Implementation of the Affordable Care Act: What Impact has there been for Patients and Providers? Iowa Physician Assistant Society Spring 2014 CME Conference.
Duffy, P.A. (April 20, 2013). Global Health: Exploring Opportunities. Iowa Physical Therapy Association Student Conclave. Ames, IA
Invited Reviewer Peer Reviewed Journals
- Journal of Interprofessional Care. 2018 to present
- Traffic Injury Prevention. 2018 to present
- Pedagogy in Health Promotion, 2017 to present
- Health Promotion Practice, 2015 to present
- Physical Therapy Journal, 2013 to present
- Journal of Healthcare for the Poor and Underserved, 2008 to 2016
Pendergast, J. Kliethermes, S., & Duffy, P.A. Cost-effectiveness Study on Direct Access. Keynote Breakfast Address with co-authors. International Policy Summit on Direct Access and Advanced Scope of Practice October 24, 2009, National Harbor, MD.
Invited addresses—National or regional
Duffy, P.A. Being present for your patients with integrity and compassion. Convocation Keynote Address, Doctor of Physical Therapy Program, Maryville University, St. Louis, MO. December 10, 2011.
White, T. V. Duffy, P. A., Stumbo, T., Smith, K., & Ronnebaum, J. S. 39 Poster abstract–Preliminary findings from an Asynchronous IPE activity: A qualitative study of health professions students’ interprofessional education experience in a virtual environment. JAOA. January, 2014, 14 (1), e46. URL: http://jaoa.org/article.aspx?articleid=2094699.
Scientific and Professional Presentations
Nordstrom, T., Farrell, J., Morris, D., Duffy, P.A., & Iverson, M. Proposal ID: 1288 Title: Achieving Health Equity: A Seat at the Table or Sitting on the Sidelines. Panel Presentation, Part Two. “An Aging Workforce: Focus on Opportunity. NEXT Conference & Exposition in Chicago. June 13, 2019.
Duffy, P. A. & Ohr, H. (2017). Improving Access, health, and community integration: The important role of peer mentors as navigators. Society for Public Health Education 68th Annual Meeting. March 31, 2017. Denver, CO.
Duffy, P.A. (2015). Linking student performance to public health competencies: Implications for curriculum. 143rd American Public Health Association Annual Meeting & Expo. November 3, 2015, Chicago, IL
Duffy, P.A. (2014). “Immigrant and refugee health care in central Iowa and implications for public health: Provider, Patient, and Community Perspectives.” 2014 Iowa Governor’s Conference on Public Health. April 2, 2014, Ames, Iowa.
Duffy, P.A. (2012). Comparison of health services use for physician-referred and direct access episodes of care in physical therapy. APTA Insurance Forum, September 13, 2012, Hartford, CT.
Moore, J., & Duffy, P.A. (June 8, 2012). Direct Access: A New Chapter for Patients, Payers, Physicians, and Physical Therapists. APTA Annual Conference, Tampa, FLA.
Duffy, P.A., Preparing for international teaching. Section on Education, American Physical Therapy Association Combined Sections Meeting. Nashville, TN. February 5, 2004.
Platt, S., Duffy, P.A. (2004) Effective communication with the payer: Advice from the inside. Private Practice Section, APTA, 2004 Annual Conference. Colorado Springs, CO. November 4, 2004.
Richardson, J.K., & Duffy, P.A. When East meets West: Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine. American Physical Therapy Association Annual Conference. Anaheim, CA. June 24, 2001
Duffy, P.A. (2001) Needs analysis and feasibility study of establishing physical therapy training programs in China. Education Research Exchange, Dept. of Educational Leadership and Policy Studies, College of Education, Iowa State University. Ames, IA. March 24, 2001
Duffy, P.A. APTA House of Delegates: Clinical Practice Guidelines. Southwest District Meeting, Iowa Physical Therapy Association. September 19, 1995
Williamson, B. W., Duffy, P. A., Buckingham-Schutt, L., Armantrout, A., & Biondi-Morlan, K. A study to determine the effect of the Count the Kicks® app on the rate of stillbirth. (July 19, 2019). Des Moines University Research Day Poster. Des Moines, IA.
Nguyen, V. S. C., Rogers-Johnson, M., Duffy, P.A., & Jurasinski, P. Use of Standardized Performance Assessment Lab for Health Care Administration IPE Experience. (July 20, 2018). Des Moines University Research Day Poster. Des Moines, IA.
Bristow, M., Knight, J. A., & Duffy, P. A. (July 21, 2017) The Economic Impact of Motorcycle Helmet Laws. Des Moines University Research Day Poster. Des Moines, IA.
Mikkalson, L. & Duffy, P. A. (May 5, 2016). Barriers to health care access for immigrants and refugees in central Iowa: Patient and community Perspectives. Drake University Senior Poster Fair. Des Moines, IA.
Beer, G. and Duffy, P.A. (July 18, 2014) Part III–Community Perspective: Micro-populations© in Central Iowa. Des Moines University Research Day. Des Moines, IA.
White, T., Duffy, P.A., Stumbo, T., Ronnebaum, J., & Smith, K. (September 20, 2013-October 2, 2013) Preliminary findings from an asynchronous IPE Activity: A qualitative study of health professions students’ interprofessional education experience in a virtual environment,” AOA Research Conference at AOA Osteopathic Medical NV, on Monday, September 30, 2013 – Wednesday, October 2, 2013. Revision for national conference.
White, T., Duffy, P.A., Stumbo, T., Smith, K., Ronnebaum, J. (July 22, 2013). Preliminary findings from an asynchronous IPE activity: A qualitative study of health professions students’ interprofessional education experience in a virtual environment. Des Moines University Research Day. Des Moines, IA.
McClinton, S., & Duffy, P.A. (December, 2012). Practice patterns and cost of physical therapy and podiatry management of plantar heel pain. Des Moines University Research Day. Des Moines, IA
Eggerman, K., & Duffy, P.A. (December, 2012). Providing health care to the Latino population in central Iowa. Des Moines University Research Day. Des Moines, IA
Duffy, P.A., & Schultz, C. (July, 2011). Micro-populations in central Iowa and impact on public health. Des Moines University Research Day. Des Moines, IA.
Duffy, P.A. & Shah, Y. (2010). Des Moines University Student Responses to the Global Perspectives Inventory (GPI) Pre-and Post-Cultural Diversity Training or International Medical Services Experience. Poster Presentation Author, Presented 19th Annual Global Health Education Conference, April 9-11, 2010, Cuernavaca, Mexico.
Duffy, P.A. (2004) Preparation for cross-cultural teaching experiences. Faculty and Student Annual Poster Fair, Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Iowa State University. October 1, 2004.
Duffy, P.A. (2002) Results of needs analysis of physical therapy education in China (When East meets West: Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine.) 1st Annual Poster Fair, Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Iowa State University. November, 2002.
- 2018 Master of Public Health Student Choice Faculty of the Year Award
- 2017 Master of Public Health Student Choice Faculty of the Year Award
- 2016 Des Moines University Faculty Outstanding Service Award
- 2014 President’s Recognition Award, Des Moines University
- 2014 Diversity Champion, Des Moines University Office of Multicultural Affairs
- 2014 Catherine Worthingham Fellow of the American Physical Therapy Association
- 2013 Master of Public Health Student Choice Faculty of Year Award
- Alpha Eta Honor Society, 2011 to present
- Lucy Blair Service Award, American Physical Therapy Association, 2003
- Honored Professional of the National Directory of Who’s Who of Executives and Professionals, 1996 to 1997
- Olive Farr Distinguished Service Award, Iowa Physical Therapy Association, 1992
- Young Business Leader of Iowa, Des Moines Register, 1992
- Friar’s Senior Society, University of Pennsylvania, 1978
- Dean’s List: University of Pennsylvania, 1975 to 1976
- Friars Senior Society, University of Pennsylvania, 1978
- Order of Rose and Chessman, Iowa State University, 1975
- Psi Chi National Honor Society in Psychology, Iowa State University, 1972 to 1975
- Dean’s List: Iowa State University, 1973 to 1975
- Honors Program: Iowa State University, 1972 to 1975
Email Pamela A. Duffy