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Nervous System

Nervous system terms

Cephal/o Head Cephalgia (a headache)
Encephal/o Inside the head (brain) Encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) Anencephalic (born without a brain)
Mening/o Membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord Meningitis (inflammation of the membranes)
Myel/o Spinal cord Myelogram (X-ray of the spinal cord)
Neur/o Nerve Neuroma (tumor) Neuritis (inflammation)
Dys Difficult, painful, abnormal Dyslexia (difficulty reading)
-cele Hernia, abnormal protrusion of structure out of normal anatomical position Meningomyelocele (protrusion of membranes and spinal cord)
-pathy Disease, abnormality Encephalopathy (disease of the brain) Neuropathy (disease of the nerves)
-plasia Development, formation, growth Aplasia (no development) Hyperplasia (over development)
-plegia Paralysis Hemiplegia (paralysis of one side of the body) Quadriplegia (paralysis of all four limbs)

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