Anatomy word of the month: fundus

August 4, 2014 —

LayAFoundation“Bottom” in Latin.  A number of organs have a part called the fundus or fundic region.  Confusingly, the fundus is typically the top of these organs such as the top of the uterus, the top of the urinary bladder, the top of the stomach.  However, it makes perfect sense since the word fundus specifically refers to the part “furthest removed from the exit”.  If you imagine each of these organs as upside down emptying out contents, then the fundus of the uterus is opposite the cervix (opening into the vagina), the fundus of the bladder is opposite the neck (opening into the urethra) and the fundus of the stomach is opposite the pylorus emptying into the duodenum, the first part of the small intestine.

Fundus should be more familiar to you now that you have “fundamental” information about its meaning (to put down a bottom, lay a foundation-Latin).


Dr. Dyche was born in New Jersey and trained at Penn State’s Hershey Medical Center before coming to Des Moines in 1976. Over 30 plus years he has taught gross anatomy, embryology and neuroanatomy. He also served in administration as associate dean for basic sciences, dean of the College of Health Sciences, and acting director of the PA program. He was one of the founding instructors of CPR and ACLS at a time when few medical schools offered this training. He retired to Oregon in 2008, then returned to DMU in 2009. Did he miss the tornadoes, the below zero wind chills or the cadavers?

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